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Glossary of IoT building automation and its systems


Glossary of IoT building automation

Overview

 
  1. adaptiv
    Easy to adopt in case of changes or enhancements
     
     
    German: adaptive
  2. agil
    Kind of working in an short period fashion
     
     
    German: agile
  3. Ambient Assisted Living (AAL)
     
  4. Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI)
    Application Centric Infrastructure
     
  5. Application Programming Interface (API)
    An interface for developers
     
  6. Automatisierung
    Fully automatic handling instead of error prone human handling
     
     
    German: automation
  7. Black-Box
    A part of an application, which does work in an unknown fassion
     
     
    German: black box
  8. Building Automation and Control Networks (BACnet)
    xxx
     
  9. Cluster
    An interacting group of systems
     
  10. Constrained Application Protocol
    Constrained Application Protocol
     
    The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is a specialized web transfer protocol for use with constrained nodes and constrained networks in the Internet of Things. The protocol is designed for machine-to-machine (M2M) applications such as smart energy and building automation.
     
    German: Constrained Application Protocol ()
  11. Consumer Electronics Control (CEC)
    Consumer Electronics Control
     
    Wikipedia
  12. Controller Area Network (CAN) Bus (CAN-Bus)
    CAN Bus - high quality technology for industry & production
     
    A system integrations at the highest level are possible with CAN Bus. That is why the Controller Area Network is considered the de facto standard in industrial companies in various industries. In the automotive industry in particular, the numerous functions and possibilities of this fieldbus system are used. Rightly so: CAN Bus is a very powerful system that guarantees fast data exchange, easy use and low costs.
    With such its possible to capture measurement data flexibly, control digital inputs and outputs, flexibly expand systems, internal error management, design production processes sustainably - all this and much more can be implemented quickly and easily with CAN Bus.
     
    German: Controller Area Network (CAN) bus (CAN bus)
  13. Deep Learning (DL)
    Deep Learning
     
     
    Siehe auch:
  14. dezentral
    When services or functionality is locally provided
     
     
    German: decentalised
  15. Digitalisierung
    Providing a digital sibling for all real objects
     
     
    German: digitizion
  16. Do it yourself (DIY)
    A synonym for technical experienced makers.
     
  17. Edge Computing
    A special way of data processing at the edge of the company.
     
  18. ETS
    ETS is the programming software for KNX / EIB system
     
    KNX ETS Software
  19. Event Driven Architecture (EDA)
    Event Driven Architecture
     
  20. Event-Bus
    A kind (loosely coupled) communication by messages between components
     
     
    German: EventBus
  21. Fern UV-C
    Fern UV-C
     
     
    German: Far UV-C
  22. Gebäudemanagementsystem (GMS)
    Building management system (BMS)
     
     
    German: Building management system (BMS)
  23. Grid
    An interacting group of systems
     
  24. Heizkreislauf Verstellung
    German: HKV (Heizkreislauf verstellung)
     
     
    German:  ()
  25. Home Energy Management System (HEMS)
    Home Energy Management System
     
  26. Human Centric Lightning (HCL)
    Generic term for lighting adapted to human needs (bright white light in the morning, warm light dimmed in the evening)
     
  27. Human Centric Lightning (HCR)
    Generic term for lighting adapted to human needs (bright white light in the morning, warm light dimmed in the evening)
     
     
    German: Human Centric Lightning (IT)
  28. Informations- und Kommunikationstechnik (ITK)
    An abroviation for IT and communication. Mostly prefered in producing environments
     
     
    German: open (ITC)
  29. Informationstechnik (IT)
    A term for all kind of systems and components which are used for information and data handling
     
     
    German: information technolgy (IT)
  30. Infrastruktur Repository (ISR)
    A central datastore, where the setting is been stored for all kind of systems and components
     
     
    German: infrastructure repository (ISR)
  31. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
    International Electrotechnical Commission is a standard for ...
     
  32. Internet of Things (IoT)
    A term for all kind of systems and machines which are communicating between the internet
     
  33. Interoperabilität
    interoperability
     
     
    German: interoperability
  34. ISO 12913
    Standard for determining acoustic well-being in restaurants
     
    Part 1Part 2Part 3
  35. KNX® (KNX)
    KNX® is a (worldwide & free) standard system, which is used to interconnect specific smart home devices
     
    KNX brings together over 400 brands and thus offers everything to install automation systems completely independently of the manufacturer. The approx. 7000 certified IoT develop can be individually combined and thus tailored precisely to the requirements of the users. Once installed, the various components and systems can be realigned and expanded at any time.
    Last but not least, KNX systems are characterized by a high level of convenience and have been proven to reduce operating and energy costs.

    See also: KNX Association
  36. Legacy
    A legacy software ore system is a older / longer used software or system
     
  37. Level of Control
    Level of automation
     
    There are 5 levels auf automation:
    • Level 1: Remote Control
    • Level 2: Programmed Sequences (Macros)
    • Level 3: Conditional Control
    • Level 4: Interactive
    • Level 5: Self-learning
  38. Lock-in
    vendor lock-in
     
  39. loose Kopplung
    When software components are coupled by just exchanging messages and events
     
    Instead of a "hard" software link between components.
     
    German: loose coupling
  40. Maschinelles Learnen (ML)
    Machine Learning
     
     
    See also:
     
    German: Machine Learning (ML)
  41. monolitisch
    Single and locally operating system
     
     
    German: monolithic
  42. MQ Telemetry Transport (MQTT)
    MQTT is an open OASIS and ISO standard for interconnecting devices via publish-subscribe
     
    MQTT: What is QoS (Quality Of Service)? The Quality of Service (QoS) level is an agreement between the sender of a message and the receiver of a message that defines the guarantee of delivery for a specific message. There are 3 QoS levels in MQTT: QoS 0 (at most once): This service level guarantees a best-effort delivery. There is no guarantee of delivery. QoS 1 (at least once): This service level guarantees that a message is delivered at least one time (> 1) to the receiver. QoS 2 (exactly once): This level guarantees that each message is received only once by the intended recipients. QoS 2 is the safest and slowest quality of service level. MQTT: What is the Retain Flag? A retained message is a normal MQTT message with the retained flag set to true. The broker stores the last retained message and the corresponding QoS for that topic. Each client that subscribes to a topic pattern that matches the topic of the retained message receives the retained message immediately after they subscribe. The broker stores only one retained message per topic. MQTT: What is the Client ID? The client identifier (ClientId) identifies each MQTT client that connects to an MQTT broker. The broker uses the ClientID to identify the client and the current state of the client. Therefore, this ID should be unique per client and broker. MQTT: What is the Clean Session flag? The clean session flag tells the broker whether the client wants to establish a persistent session or not. In a persistent session (CleanSession = false), the broker stores all subscriptions for the client and all missed messages for the client that subscribed with a Quality of Service (QoS) level 1 or 2. If the session is not persistent (CleanSession = true), the broker does not store anything for the client and purges all information from any previous persistent session. MQTT: What is the Last Will and Testament (LWT)? In MQTT, you use the Last Will and Testament (LWT) feature to notify other clients about an ungracefully disconnected client. Each client can specify its last will message when it connects to a broker. The last will message is a normal MQTT message with a topic, retained message flag, QoS, and payload. The broker stores the message until it detects that the client has disconnected ungracefully. In response to the ungraceful disconnect, the broker sends the last-will message to all subscribed clients of the last-will message topic. MQTT: Where is my LWT topic? The LWT messages will always be sent to (prefix)/(domainName)/(machineName)/lwt topic
  43. Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
    Multiprotocol Label Switching
     
  44. Netzzugangskontrolle
    Network access control
     
     
    German: Network access control ()
  45. Neural Processing Unit (NPU)
    Neural Processing Unit
     
     
    Siehe auch:
  46. Object Linking and Embedding for Process Control (OPC)
    OPC Standard
     
  47. Observability
    Observability
     
  48. offen
    An interface or program which can be used and enriched by everybody
     
     
    German: open
  49. Operational Technology (OT)
    Operational Technology
     
    Wikipedia Focepoint
  50. Privileged Access Management  (PAM)
    Privileged Access Management
     
    xxx
  51. Product Data Management (PDM)
    Product Data Management
     
    Product Data Management
  52. Profinet
    Profinet
     
  53. proprietär
    Vendor dependent lock instead of an open and standardized technology or system
     
     
    German: proprietary
  54. Publish/Subscribe
    Publish/Subscribe
     
  55. Redundanz
    Redundancy
     
     
    German: redundancy
  56. Reihenklemmen
    A terminal block is an electric mounting point, for cable installation purpose
     
     
    German: terminal blocks
  57. Reinforcement Learning (RL)
    Reinforcement Learning
     
     
    See also:
  58. Representational State Transfer (REST)
    A de facto standard for using IT-services over HTTP/HTTPS
     
  59. Residual Current Device (RCD)
    Residual Current Device
     
  60. Retrofit
    Retrofit
     
    Retrofit
  61. Schichten
    Applications and their data flow are divided into different technical horizontal parts
     
     
    German: layer
  62. Service-Level-Agreement (SLA)
    Service-Level-Agreement (SLA)
     
    Service-Level-Agreement (SLA)
  63. Single Board Computer (SBC)
    Single board computer
     
  64. Smart Cluster
    A group of loosely coupled modules, which are working like on intelligent piece
     
  65. Smart Grid
    A connected group of mostly electrical components which can be easily reoganized
     
  66. Software Defined Networks (SDN)
    Software Defined Networks (SDN)
     
  67. Speicherprogrammierbare Steuerung (SPS)
    A programmable logic controller
     
     
    German: programmable logic controller (PLC)
  68. Standard
    A clearly defined and adoptable kind of interface
     
  69. Stellantrieb
    actuator
     
     
    German: actuator
  70. System
    A term for IT components which are providing some kind of service
     
  71. System Engineering (SE)
    System Engineering
     
  72. Transparenz
    Full overview of the IT landscape an all its ongoing services and data
     
     
    German: transparency
  73. universal machine technology interface (umapi)
    Adaption of OPC UA standard as a brand of the mechanical engineering associations VDMA and VDW
     
     
    German: umapi (umapi)
  74. Zigbee Light Link (ZLL)
    A Zigbee 2.x profile for the light control
     
  75. Zigbee®
    Zigbee® is an wireless protocol standard, which is used to interconnect specific smart home devices
     
    Many wireless network systems in buildings are based on the ZigBee standard. And not by chance: ZigBee is one of the best-known standards of radio protocols & IoT adapters for smart buildings, embedded devices and the Internet of Things.
    In addition to the low energy requirement, ZigBee impresses with its high flexibility and simple application. The participating IoT devices manage the network completely independently and communicate using IoT sensors and digital signals.
    See also Philips HUE® and ZLL